Jason Brownlee, associate professor in the Departments of Government and Middle Eastern Studies at The University of Texas at Austin, has received a $109,484 grant to examine peace-building efforts in Egypt.
The funding, provided by the United States Institute of Peace (USIP), will enable Brownlee to determine whether the rise in Egypt's anti-Coptic violence comes from underlying social tensions or from lack of government interventions.
Nationally known for his expertise in authoritarian rule in the Middle East, Brownlee studies democratization and U.S. foreign policy. In his new book "Democracy Prevention: The Politics of the U.S.-Egyptian Alliance" (Cambridge University Press, September 2012), he explains how America's alliance with Egypt has impeded democratic change and reinforced authoritarianism over time.
As Egypt moves forward in its effort to consolidate a democratic transition, this initiative will provide timely and informed guidance for nongovernmental organization workers, policymakers and officials in Egypt who are working to reduce societal conflict in a country pivotal to U.S. policy in the region, said Steve Riskin, the special assistant to the president for grants at USIP.
"The study, which accords with USIP's mandate to resolve violent conflicts and promote postconflict peace-building, will yield important insights for other Middle Eastern countries with religious minorities, including Syria and Lebanon with Christian and other minority groups," Riskin said.
Created by Congress to be independent and nonpartisan, USIP works to prevent, mitigate and resolve international conflict through nonviolent means. During the past 20 years, the institute's grant program has awarded more than 2,100 grants in 46 U.S. states, the District of Columbia and in 87 foreign countries. The grant program increases the breadth and depth of the institute's work by supporting peace-building projects managed by nonprofit organizations including educational institutions, research institutions and civil society organizations.