Inspiring. Knowledgeable. Passionate. These descriptions often tumble forth when people are asked to recall their favorite teacher. Good teachers help students pass tests, but great teachers spark critical thinking, bring subjects to life and encourage students to pursue their passions.
Since 1997, The University of Texas at Austin's UTeach program has been producing teachers of this caliber. With a focus on hands-on learning, the innovative four-semester program provides early classroom exposure for undergraduates who are seeking majors in the College of Liberal Arts, the College of Natural Sciences and the College of Education. The program has proven to be so effective that it is now being replicated at universities across the United States.
Now the UTeach-Liberal Arts, a division of the university's world-renowned teacher-training program, is extending its efforts to universities across the globe.
This year, representatives from UTeach-Liberal Arts met with education and policy leaders in Guatemala and Saudi Arabia to introduce their unique approach to teacher training. The overseas initiatives are a joint effort with the Austin-based Alhambra-U.S. Chamber of Commerce, a nonprofit that promotes diplomatic, commercial and educational interaction across the globe.
"We show our teachers how to use their classroom as a place to develop lifelong learners," says Richard Flores, senior associate dean of academic affairs for the College of Liberal Arts and director of the UTeach-Liberal Arts program. "Teachers need to give their students a sense of inquiry and encourage critical thinking so they will want to continue learning beyond the classroom. Those values are important in any society."
Through workshops, QandA panels, international conferences and one-on-one meetings with education officials and policy leaders, the UTeach-Liberal Arts/Alhambra delegation introduced the program's key principles for successful teaching: long-term field experience, in-depth knowledge and active-learning classrooms. The goal of the overseas delegations is to provide either on-site or online teacher training.
The challenge, Flores says, is to apply the program's principles in different cultures. So to better understand their needs, the UTeach-Liberal Arts leaders focused much of their time overseas on listening to key decision-makers in higher education.
"I don't believe we can simply transplant our program into another country because there are very different historical and educational traditions, norms and values to take into consideration," Flores says. "So it's a matter of taking our principles and adapting them into a new cultural framework. And that's something I believe we can do."
Bridging the Language Gap
With a focus on bringing developing nations to the world stage, the Alhambra-U.S. Chamber of Commerce searched for markets with a strong desire for English as a second language (ESL) instruction.
The nation that kept coming up in their research was Guatemala, says Alhambra's co-founder and executive director Anjum Malik.
"Few skills are as useful in the global economy and as beneficial for an individual's marketability and functionality as English," Malik says. "Our meetings in UAE, Saudi Arabia and Guatemala revealed significant interest and commitment in this area. We are excited to work with local partners in Guatemala to further develop their education initiatives."
During their visit last July, the UTeach-Libral Arts/Alhambra delegates built relationships with representatives from the office of the president and the minister of education, key cabinet ministers and the presidents of Guatemala's premier universities.
Given the challenges of implementing teacher-training reforms in Guatemala's public education sector, Flores and his team decided to start the conversation with education leaders in the private university system as well. In time, Flores hopes both public and private education sectors will adopt the principles gleaned from the UTeach-Liberal Arts model.
Answering the Call to Action
The Guatemala mission is the second joint endeavor between the two groups. Last spring, UTeach-Liberal Arts and Alhambra carried out their first successful international outreach initiative in Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emiratesa region where Alhambra's ties are especially strong.
During the Alhambra-facilitated mission, UTeach-Liberal Arts faculty presented at the International Exposition and Conference on Higher Education in Riyadh, the world's largest higher education conference, which attracts more than 400,000 students, teachers and education officials each year.
Alhambra also arranged meetings with the minister of higher education for Abu Dhabi, deputy minister of education for Saudi Arabia, the Office of the First Lady of Dubai, and the leadership teams of ARAMCO, the national oil company of Saudi Arabia; SABIC, Saudi Arabia's largest chemical manufacturing company; and the Government Organization of Social Insurances. The team also met with top leaders from more than 100 regional and international universities.
Now Flores and the Alhambra team are drafting a proposal for business and education leaders in Abu Dhabi. With a focus on innovation and creativity, Flores is working with several units across campus to bring the best of The University of Texas at Austin to this part of the world.
The plan will include expertise from Human Dimensions of Organizations, a new master's and executive seminar program in the College of Liberal Arts. Flores will also recruit faculty from the university's IC2 Institute, an interdisciplinary research unit that focuses on advancing entrepreneurial wealth creation.
Setting the Foundation
Based on the successful outcome of the Middle East and Guatemala delegations, Alhambra invited UTeach-Liberal Arts to join the State Department's Aspen Institute on a higher education delegation to North Africa last June.
As part of the Aspen Institute's Partner's for a New Beginning program, Flores and the team of delegates met with universities, nonprofits and business leaders from Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia to discuss the higher education challenges in each country.
Flores said he was most inspired by the foreign students' interest in getting a quality education. That desire was especially prevalent among students in Tunisia, where classroom instruction is often framed around memorization and rote learning.
"After the revolution, college students have very high expectations of what they can accomplish in education," Flores says. "These students are expecting change and they're looking for it."
Flores recently worked with the Partners for a New Beginning program on a report pinpointing the challenges and proposed solutions for higher education in North Africa. He believes these new partnerships will ultimately lead to significant improvements in teaching practices throughout the developing world.