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Social Work professor helps develop innovative drop-out prevention program at local high school

Garza Independence High School doesn’t have a football team. But it does have a mascot—the griffin, a legendary creature that is part eagle and part lion.

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AUSTIN, Texas—Garza Independence High School doesn’t have a football team. But it does have a mascot—the griffin, a legendary creature that is part eagle and part lion.

It’s an appropriate mascot for Garza, said Dr. Cynthia Franklin, professor of social work at The University of Texas at Austin, “because griffins are guardians of hidden treasures. And that’s what you find in the students at Garza.”

Micah Florea sits beside Christo and Jeanne-Claude sculpture books

Professor of Social Work Cynthia Franklin (second from left) helped implement a solution-focused therapy program at Garza Independence High School in Austin to foster students’ strengths, personal and caring relationships, and a sense of success and confidence.

Franklin has been involved as a mentor, evaluator and consultant at the Austin Independent School District (AISD) alternative high school in East Austin for the past four years. She also has trained Garza’s teachers and counselors in solution-focused therapy, which emphasizes students’ strengths, assets and talents.

The solution-building approach teaches relationship skills, proficient use of language to gain cooperation, self-motivation and goal setting.

Garza is pioneering the solution-focused approach to dropout prevention and successful work and career transition.

“A person does not have to be trapped in his or her past,” Franklin said. “You can transcend above past adversities and concentrate on the future.

“Everyone is gifted, has untapped aspirations, hidden knowledge, resources and resiliency. You just need to build upon them to reverse past misfortunes. This is solution-based therapy.”

Franklin said she is taking a mental health model and bringing it into an educational setting and equipping the teachers and the staff in that approach.

“This has not been done much,” she said.

The 350 kids at Garza—all juniors and seniors—are for the most part smart and gifted students, but have had difficulties at traditional public schools. The school opened its doors on Chicon Street seven years ago and has attracted national attention from Harvard University’s Principals’ Academy and other educational reform associations. International visitors have made trips to study the school, including educators from Japan, Sweden, Korea and throughout the United States.

Garza Principal Vicki Baldwin talks with Dr. Franklin during classtime

Vicki Baldwin, principal at Garza Independence High School, says it’s important to treat students with respect because everyone has untapped aspirations and hidden resources.

The school was voted “Best Public High School in Austin” by the Austin Chronicle last fall.

Statistics are encouraging. For the 2003 school year, the percentage of Garza graduates who go on to college is 75-80 percent.

“The school is what saves them because these are kids who are ‘at risk’ in all areas of their lives,” Franklin said. “I’m just a partner in a great thing.

“The school is like a hospital because many of the students have to heal before they can learn.”

Franklin envisions Garza becoming a model program, with efforts there leading to implementation at other more traditional schools in Austin and others across Texas and the nation.

She has presented findings from her work on the benefits of using the solution-based model in schools at national conferences and recently completed a training manual and evaluation study for Garza High School. The university’s Hogg Foundation for Mental Health funded the research.

Dr. Calvin Streeter, also of Social Work, was co-principal investigator.

“The school is what saves them because these are kids who are ‘at risk’ in all areas of their lives. I’m just a partner in a great thing.”

—Dr. Cynthia Franklin

Franklin also made a training video that is being sold throughout the world. Her portion of the profit from the video is being donated to Garza for a scholarship fund.

Findings from the evaluation study are promising. On the School Success Profile, Garza students rated their high school as being a protective factor in their lives, while students from AISD comparison high schools did not rate their high school as favorably.

From the student’s viewpoint, their positive relationship with their teachers, the curriculum and the extra help they received from teachers, counselors and social workers at Garza helped them break their barriers to success.

“Cynthia is a godsend,” said Vicki Baldwin, principal at Garza. “Not only did she come to Garza, but you didn’t have to explain what was going on. She got it.

“She’s always there for us,” Baldwin said. “We were doing some solution-based work through our school social worker, but didn’t have the technical expertise until Cynthia came in.”

She said Franklin was able to get Insoo Kim Berg, the developer of the solution-focused model, to come to Garza for training workshops.

Painting by Garza student of small black cat, vase of red roses and a dress shoe

Many of Garza’s students are finding themselves through art and music. Many have won prizes and awards for their work.

“Cynthia has been able to reach out and get us resources we would never have received,” said Baldwin. “Students have never been treated with such respect. You know there is a real message there.”

Unlike traditional AISD schools, Garza has an open-enrollment policy, which allows students to start school or complete courses anytime during the school year. It operates on a self-paced, five-semester system, year-round, eight weeks of classes followed by two weeks off. Teachers are called facilitators and they work one-on-one with the students.

Upon graduation, the student gives a portfolio exit presentation and takes a “Star Walk”—a march around the school.

“It’s like a wedding,” Franklin said.

“Garza has become my home,” said one student. “Since the first day I walked into the building, I was comfortable and knew it was the place for me. I was losing myself at my old school and needed something different.”

Garza teachers, or facilitators, said the student, “allow us to be ourselves, never judging and always caring.”

Most of the kids at Garza are finding themselves through art and music. Many have won prizes and awards for their work. Lisa, for example, was a high-school drop-out when she enrolled at Garza. Now a graduate of the school, she is attending Austin Community College. Her cardboard sculpture, “Purse,” has been displayed in New York City.

Lisa wants to become a bilingual teacher in elementary school and then obtain a doctor’s degree in Spanish and teach in higher education.

“I thank Garza for helping me grow up,” she said. “Here at Garza you have to do it. You have to take things in your own hands.”